GDP statistics

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GDP Change of European Countries and Japan (1939-1947)
Year Flag of Austria Austria Flag of Belgium Belgium Flag of France France Flag of Germany Germany Flag of Italy Italy Flag of Netherlands Netherlands Flag of Norway Norway Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Japan Japan
1939 100,00 100,00 100,00 100,00 100,00 100,00 100,00 100,00 100,00
1940 96,65 88,59 84,33 99,93 99,56 87,15 90,51 109,48 102,07
1941 102,96 84,64 69,04 105,64 97,47 81,73 92,16 119,47 102,03
1942 97,24 77,62 62,19 106,18 95,67 74,08 88,02 121,24 100,07
1943 99,25 75,87 59,67 108,96 86,32 71,81 85,61 123,67 100,18
1944 101,38 79,86 48,3 122,61 69,95 47,79 80,40 118,26 94,43
1945 42,11 88,83 53,69 77,96 54,59 48,46 89,22 112,68 47,80
1946 47,76 94,64 80,43 45,11 71,08 80,38 97,61 107,71 51,27
1947 52,90 92,23 86,33 49,74 82,93 91,05 107,50 105,47 54,71
Wartime GDP of the Great Powers
1938 to 1945 in International Dollars and 1990 Prices (billions) (1)
Country 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Flag of United States United States 800 869 943 1094 1235 1399 1499 1474
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 284 287 316 344 353 361 346 331
Flag of France France 186 199 164 130 116 110 93 101
Flag of Italy Italy 141 151 147 144 145 137 117 92
Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union 359 366 417 359 274 305 362 343
Flag of Germany Germany 351 384 387 412 417 426 437 310
Flag of Austria Austria 24 27 27 29 27 28 29 12
Flag of Japan Japan 169 184 192 196 197 194 189 144
Allied / Axis GDP 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.3 3.1 5.0

(1) Based on Table 1 found in Mark Harrison, The USSR and Total War: Why Didn't the Soviet Economy Collapse in 1942? from Mark Harrison, "The Economics of World War II: an Overview," in Mark Harrison, ed., The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison, Cambridge University Press (1998), 10.

1939 GNP in billions of US$ (1985 dollars) by country
Country GNP (billions, 1985 USD$) Portion of World GNP
Flag of United States United States 788 22.5%
Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 215 6.1%
Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union 308 8.5%
Flag of Germany Germany 271 7.7%
Flag of Italy Italy 114 3.3%
Flag of Japan Japan 135 3.9%

World GNP = $3,500 billion

1944 numbers are essentially the same except that the US is twice as large

Percentage of GDP Used for War Aims (in percent)
Country 1939 1943
United States 02 55
United Kingdom 15 55
USSR 17 53
Germany 32 71
Italy 10 40
Other Countries During Various Periods
Country %age of Nominal GDP
Belgium 1.77
Czechoslavkia 5.34
Finland 3.18%
Netherlands 1.57
Norway 0.86
Portugal 5.2
Spain 2.23
Sweden 1.45
Switzerland 1.22
Relative World War 2 Munitions Output (U.S. 1944 = 100)
Year Flag of United States United States Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union Flag of Germany Nazi Germany Flag of Japan Imperial Japan
1937 1 1 3 2 2
1938 1 2 4 3 3
1939 2 3 6 4 3
1940 6 7 7 8 3
1941 15 10 12 8 4
1942 53 17 22 11 5
1943 91 20 28 17 4
1944 100 19 31 21 3
Source: Delong, J. B. Falling into World War II, Feb 1997